Review and Critique of the "Disconnection" Approach, Emphasizing the Views of Mirza Mehdi Esfahani; on "The Truth of Reason and Its Field of Credit and Its Functions"


Review and Critique of the "Disconnection" Approach, Emphasizing the Views of Mirza Mehdi Esfahani; on "The Truth of Reason and Its Field of Credit and Its Functions"

Mohammad Ja’fari / Associate Professor of Kalam at the Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute     mjafari125@gmail.com
* Mahdi Ghasemi FirouzAbadi / Ph.D. of Kalam from the Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute     mahdiqasemi@chmail.ir
Received: 8 April 2019 - Accepted: 11 September 2019

Abstract
The so-called "disconnection" approach to the question of the truth of reason and the scope of its validity and functions contradicts the famous Shiite approach. Based on this approach, human reason is inherently at odds with his spirit. The reason is evolvable, but the human spirit is always dark. This approach considers the function of reason in religious use limited to understanding practical matters, and the function of science limited to understanding theoretical matters. Mirza Mehdi Esfahani considers the certainty derived from sense, book, and tradition to be true, but does not validate the certainty which is derived from any argument. Followers of the “disconnection" approach generalize the forbidden analogy embedded in religion to philosophical arguments, and they oppose any deep rationalization. Mirza Mehdi Esfahani considers the theoretical reference to the method of "religious education" as merely a hint of the nature, not an argument. With the method of "inter-religious" research we criticize these beliefs: according to the verses and narrations, human reason is a level of his soul and can come to a correct understanding of theoretical and practical matters by reasoning with clear premises. In the Quran and traditions, rational reasoning has been widely used to prove theoretical and practical facts. 

Keywords: The “Disconnection” Approach, Reason, Foundationalism, Analogy.