An Investigation into the Problem of Evil in Fakhr-e Razi's Intellectual System

Seyyed Mostafa Mousavi Azam / Assistant Professor, Department of Theology and Islamic Educations, Yasuj University                                                                                                       

Mahmoud Sayyedi / Assistant Professor, Philosophy, Shahed University

Received: 25 August 2019 - Accepted: 26 January 2020



Fakhr Razi's theories on evil are divided into four general sections: 1. theological presuppositions of the problem of evil; in this case, he claims that, philosophers believe in legal good and badness, and lack of God’s authority; therefore, they do not deserve to discuss this issue. 2. Criticizing the views of dualists and philosophers; in an anti-dualism approach, he sees the essence of God as the source of evil, and at the same time, he opposes the views of philosophers who regard evil as an accidental factitious. 3. Criticizing the non-existential approach to evil (attributed to Plato's view): and rejecting this view through the feeling of pain and suffering. 4. Criticizing the evil division theory (attributed to Aristotle); he states that he does not see a connection between the material world and evil. On the other hand, he challenges the assumption that, the material world has very little or no evil, and multitude good.

Keywords: Fakhr Razi, evil, non-existential approach to evil, perceptual evil, evil division theory.



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