The Fate of Malformed Humans from the Perspective of Quran and Narrations

@ Zahra Kahrizi / M.A. in Islamic Philosophy and Wisdom, Razi University

Abbas Ali Mansouri / Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Wisdom, Razi University

Received: 2020 October 24 - Accepted: 2021 March 18


One of the most difficult theological topics is explanation the fate of malformed humans (children, mad and fools) in the hereafter. This issue has been discussed both under the concept of "the intellectually poor individuals" and the narration of "ruf' al-Qalam" (those who are exempt from observing the commands of the Shari'a) in religious texts, and several narrations about the fate of these people have been directly narrated. Although the Quran does not explicitly mention the fate of malformed humans, several verses indicate a universal resurrection. Several destinies have been stated for these people in narrations. It can be deduced from the narrations that, resurrection is a universal phenomenon that includes malformed humans, but there is no consensus among the narrations about the status of these people in the hereafter. We examine the narrations based on four divisions. It seems that the most defensible view among the narrations is one of the two views, being silent about the issue and leaving the fate of these people to God, or considering all these people to be subject to divine mercy and enjoy happiness.

Keywords: malformed humans, the resurrection of children, the resurrection of mad, the resurrection of fools, the intellectually poor individuals. 

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