The Issue of Animal Suffering in the Muslim Theologians Thought

@ Mohammad Mollae'y / PhD Student, Baqir al-Olum University          

Seyed Mahmoud Mousavi / Associate Professor, Baqir al-Olum University

Received: 2020 April 07 - Accepted: 2020 December 14


The reality of animal suffering in nature has raised the suspicions of evil, which atheists see it as evidence of the existence of an exaggerated evil that is incompatible with God, or His attributes. Resolving this discrepancy has always been of interest to theists, but Islamic theologians have faced a more serious problem due to their emphasis on monotheism and the consideration of absolute attributes of "Knowledge", "Power" and "Pure Benevolence" to God. Desk-research studies show that the historical course of theologians' encountering with this issue is very different. Some of these views are, denying the resurrection of animals, believing in animals' reincarnation, calling their fate insignificant to God, believing in their resurrection and disagreeing on whether they are obligated or not. According to Allame Tabatabai in Al-Mizan Comantary, it seems, on a weaker level, animals are perceptive, autonomous and obligated, and on the Day of Resurrection, they will receive a ransom and cultivation of the soul for the suffering they endure.

Keywords: the suffering of animals, attributes of God, ransom and intesaf (the fulfillment of the right of the oppressed from the oppressor by God), animal resurrection, Islamic theologians.

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